Fortifications in Scandinavia
Scandinavian countries Denmark, Finland, Norway
are a treasury
Since the Vikings, it has been neccesary to fortify the borders an cities. Many of the old
been destroyed. But old Viking-cities like
later been excavated.
From the Middle Ages
there is little left. Fire has taken its
toll, and also some were
destroyed by war.
Specially in the sixteenth and seventeenth century,
Denmark was constantly at war with
each other, and The British Navy burned most of
The unique about Scandinavia are the preWW1 fortifications.
All Scandinavian countries were neutral, and many of the fortifications from late nineteenth
century were not destroyed as it happened in the rest of Europe.
In the southern part og
Jutland, at the time part of Germany, the German Army
constructed the stronghold
Copenhagen Fortification Line, build in 1886 to 1902 is well preserved.
fortifications around Copenhagen, numerous forts and batteries and almost all the naval
Sweden has been neutral in both WW1 and WW2, but neutrality must be defended, and
therefore there are
a number of fortifications.
The Bohus Fortress from
Fortress form late 19. century
not very well
preserved pre WW2 Per Albin Line.
In Norway is the old
Akershus Castle near Oslo from 1290 and
Oscarsborg from 1644,
famous for sinking the heavy German Cruiser Blücher during the invasion of Norway April
9th. 1940. Beside these, Norway has a lot of contributions to the fortification history.
Many of the Finnish fortifications were build by Sweden Russia or England during the
Crimean War. Soumenlinna, a fortress from 1747,
Svartholma from 1749 and some
costal positions built by Peter the Great.
New site from Sweden.
Explore the unique and long-standing military history that surrounds one of Swedens most
important naval ports – the world heritage city, Karlskrona. Join a guided tour or discover
exciting and secret places on your own. There is something for everyone. Urban explorers
and historians as well as families with children and grandparents!
On the interactive map (Karta) you will find locations, facts and pictures of a wide variety
of abandoned pillboxes, bunkers, forts, memorials etc. All situated either in the city on the
islands or in the rest of the stunning archipelago. You will also find real time timetables and
handy information on how to travel about with public transport.
Karlskrona is located in the south-east of Sweden with approx. 90 mins flight and transfer
from Stockholm and 3 hours by train from Copenhagen.
Link to Karlskrona
Sites of this author.
Click on the picture to go to the specific site.
Else navigate in the menu to the left or see
of Copenhagen 1880-1920
to: Vestvolden.info here
Denmark during the Cold War
Stevns Fort from the Cold War
from the Cold War
The Danish Bangsbo Fort from the Cold War
The History of the
Danish Homeguard (in Danish only)
Hjemmeværnets Historie ser fra HJV-Distrikt 66 1945-1990
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51 and 1864
Go to the Danish-Prussian was sites here
Sicherungsstellung Nord. German Defence Line North
During WW1, Germany from 1916 to 1918 builded a heavy defence line
across the Southern Jutland,
DK, known as Sicherrungstellung Nord.
The Baltic Region before WW1
The stronghold at its buildings
The P.O.W.'s and the German State Prisoners
Sicherungstellung Nord sites here
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