Fortress-scandinavia  
      Danish Version

 The Author of This Site

 Start

 
Prelude to the Wars


 
The First  War 1848-51

 
The Battles 1848-51

 
The Siege of Fredericia

 
The Second  War 1864

 Dannevirke  Stronghold

 The Siege of Dybboel

 
The Attack on Fredericia

 
The Attack on Dybboel

 
The Attack on the Als
        

 
The Peace

 
The Consequences

 Dybboel 2010

 Als 2010


 



































































































































 
The Two Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864

 The battles of the first Danish-Prussian War 1848-51 

 
After the surprise of Rendsburg penetrated the Schleswig-Holstein troops towards the north, but they were repulsed on April 9th  at the
 Battle of Bov.
The rest of the rebel army fled back to the fortress of Rendsburg and the Danish army again took control of Schleswig
 down to the River Eider.

    
                                                The Schleswig-Holstein
                                                      retreat from Bov.
The Danish-Prussian War 1848-51. The Slesvig-Holsten retreat from Bov

 Prussia and the German Federation decided to get the rebels to help, and under the command of the
 Prussian General Wrangel 32,000 men with 74 guns attacked the Danish positions in the battle of Schleswig, on the Danish Easter
 Monday,  April 23rd  1848.

 Despite a heavy defense the approx. 10,000 Danish troops with 32 cannons failed to keep the position, and they retreated to Als.
 From Als General Hedemann and Colonel F.A. Schleppegrell launched an attack on Nybøl, May 28th 1848. This victory and the following
 victory on the Dybbøl
June 5th , caused excitement in the Danish population, but some reluctance among the great nations in the region.
 Russia would not allow Prussia to pass the creek Kongeåen and hereby into the Danish kingdom.
 The fighting faded out, and 26 August 26th ceasefire was concluded in Malmo.

                   General
                   Wrangel
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. Prussian General Wrangel The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-5. The Battle at Dybboel 1848
          
The Battle at Dybboel 1848

 The following year the Danish side terminated the Armistice and the war resumed. The Danish army consisted of 41,000 men, while
 Germans and Schleswig-Holstein were able to pattern more than 65000.
Facing this power, the Danes decided to retreat northwards.  
 On the anniversary of the Battle of Schleswig and after the Danish army lost the Battle of Kolding, and the Prussian troops occupied
 the area up to The city Aarhus.

                                                 Street fights in Kolding. The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. Street Fighting in Kolding 1848.

 General Olaf Rye therefore withdrew his brigade out on the peninsula Mols and entrenched themselves on Helgenaes while the brigade
 of General de Meza remained on Als

  The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The Danish General Olaf Rye
  General Olaf Rye
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The Danish General Christian de Meza
 General de Meza

 In Fredericia a force of 19,000 men under the command of Colonel N.C. Lunding was besieged by rebellious 14,000 Schleswig-Holstein.
 Lunding was authorized by the General Bülow to make a breakout from Fredericia.
Rye sailed his troops from Helgenæs to Fyn and
 further on to Fredericia, while general de Meza was pulled from Als to Funen, and from there to Fredericia in small boats.
 

             The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The danish Commanding General Bülow
   Overgeneral Bülow
  The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The danish Colonel N. C. Lunding, Commander in Fredericia 1848-1864
Oberst N.C. Lunding

 TheBattle of Fredericia started on 6 July 6th 1849. Although the Danes were in the majority, the enemy troops had the advantage of
 fighting from fortified positions.
It was a tough fight and the outcome was uncertain right up until sunset, when the battle was settled and
 the Schleswig-Holstein troops were on the run.
There were several hundred dead, mostly Danish, and among them General Rye.
 This Battle of Fredericia, is one of the most famous battles in Danish military history.
 
 Now Russia intervened and threatened to break the relations with Prussia, why General 
Wrangel was ordered to vacate Jutland.
 
June 2nd  1850 a peace agreement was signed by Prussia and Denmark and 10 July 10th 1850 also by* the German Federation and
 Denmark in Berlin.
The Schleswig-Holstein forces continued the war alone, without support from the other German states, until they on
 
July 25th  1850 suffered a decisive defeat in the largest battle in the history of Denmark. During the Battle at Isted Hede fought about
 
36,000 Danish soldiers against 26,000 of Schleswig-Holstein rebel army. When the battle ended 12 hours later with 3,798 dead and
 wounded on the Danish, and 2,828 at the Schleswig-Holstein side.
Among the fallen were among others General Schleppegrell and
 Colonel Læssøe.

 The victory at Isted had great national significance as it came to symbolize victory throughout the war. As a symbol of this, the Isted Lion
 (Istedløven) was mounted on the Flensburg Cemetary.

                            General Schleppegrell
                                       at Isted
 
General SchleppThe Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. Danish General Scheppengrell at Isted.
 
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. Danish Colonel Læssøe
        
Colonel Læssøe
                                                            The Isted Lion at
                                                        the Flensborg Cemetary

The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The Isted Lion at the Flensborg Cemmtary. 

 In October 1850 was the last war, when the Schleswig-Holstein troops attacked Frederiksstad. The city was badly damaged, but the
 attack was a failure and the Schleswid-Holstein army was defeated.

                                                 The attack on Frederiksstad The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The Attack on Frederiksstad.
 

 The end of the first Danish-Prussian War.
 On 8
May 1852 the Great Powers, England, Russia, France, Austria and Prussia signed  a protocol in London, which maintained the
 status quo.
The Danish hegemony over Schleswig and Holstein was still guaranteed. But duchies was not to  be connected with eighter
 Denmark or with each other.
Only after the issuance of the London Protocol, the civilian authorities in the Danish United Monarchy could
 resume control of the duchies.

 In Copenhagen, it was all considered a great national triumph and national romanticism
flourished.
The returning soldiers were
 celebrated for a great military victory.


                             
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. The Returning Troops Celebrated i Copenhagen 1849.
                           The returning soldiers are celebrated in Copenhagen 1851

 
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-51. Returning Soldier Recieved by his Family
      Soldier reunited with his family.
In the background a woman in black.......