The Prisoners and the POWs.
were two kind of prisoners working around the Defense Line Sicherungstellung
of war, that
according to the international rules did not work on the
defense line, but did
some planting in the woods, draining the moors and
other civil works.
POW´s helped at farms in the area, to compensate for the men who were
there is a link to a story about Dmitri, a Russian POW.
Russian POWs and their guard in Almdal
there was the German Prisoners of the state. They were political prisoners
and military deserters,
häftlinge, who normally were kept in the German
poor and brutal conditions, they were working at the defense line. No machines were available and everything had to be
done by hand. The
death count among these prisoners was very high. Either they died of
epidemic deceases or were
attempting to escape from the hard work and bad existence.
Up early, and on foot to the battery where they worked. After a long days
hard work, they went back to the
camp on foot where
they only got some small rations of vegetable soup.
Constantly watched by the guards with mounted bayonets. There are stories about how even minor violations was rewarded
bayonet, some chalk and the mass
Where these graves are situated is unknown today.
A lot of circumstances indicate that the POWs had much better conditions
than the state prisoners. After
the war some grave-
yards for the POWs were found, but no remains of the
prisoners. It also might be possible, that the prisoners were considered a
just made some different work.
they died the POWs were registered, and the prisoners were not.
example of the hard labor was water to the concrete in the batteries. Often
it was situated 1 or 2 km away and was carried in
and night when the work started.
Team of state prisoners at Arrild.
POW graveyard at Lögumkloster.
The German authorities established the graveyard
for POWs. It was founded in 1915 for the POWs that were kept under rather
poor conditions at Lögumkloster.
contains 71 French, Belgian and Russian victims of a Typhus epidemic in
1915. Also the doctor of
camp is resting here.
At tombstone on Danish, French and Russian has been raised by surviving
The state prisoners lived in camps at Genner
, Skovby, the farm Damgaard at Rugbjerg, Abkær, Strandelhjörn, Galsted, the farm
Östergaard at Gammelskov, Hyrup, Öster
Terp, Toftlund, Arrild,
Öbjerg, Ullemølle, Skärbäk, Gaardkrog at Vester
Lögumkloster and Döstrup.
Every camp was under command of a Leutnant, and
every camp contained one or more penal companies with 250 men each.
A pioneer battalion staff and 6 pioneercompagnies
supervised the construction site.
Some POWs were stationed in the small
like Almdal, and several stayed after the war.
One of those
who stayed was Dimitri.
Dimitri´s tombstone in Almdal