Danish Version 

 
The Author

 The Langelands Fort

 The Cold War Museum


 Other History Sites:

 The Stevns Fort and the
 
Missiles at Stevns

 The Bangsbo Fort

 The Fortifications of
 Copenhagen
1885-1920

 The Danish-Prusian Wars

 Fortress-Scandinavia




















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































 
 

The Langelands Fort.
1953-1993
The Royal Danish Navy

 
 
   

Langelandsfortet, våbenskjold


 
The center of operations
 
The artillery
 
The anti air craft batteries
 
The power supply bunker 
 

  The Strategic Position of Denmark.

 
Denmark's position as "The Cork in the Baltic Sea" was vital for both NATO and the Warsaw Pact through the Cold War. The  only way
 out of
the Baltic Sea was through Danish waters. No transport- or warships could get through the Danish waters  without either being
 observed or shot at. Towards the Baltic Sea was in the early fifties built two new Coastal forts.
 The Stevns Fort, whose primary task was to protect the important minefields in the southern part of the Øresund and the Fakse
 Bay and prevent enemy passage
of the narrow straith of the Øresund.
 The Langelands Fort was supposed to protect the minefields of the southern part of the  Storebælt and prevent enemy access
 to these waters.



 

 The building of the Fort.

 At the southern end of the island of Langeland, the large farm Holmegaard with its 170 acres of land, was acquired for this purpose
 and on the 22nd of
March 1952.  the contruction was initiated by Admiral E.M. Dahl, the Earl of Tranekær Kay  Ahlefeldt-Lauervig and
 the engineer
Lehrmann from the Army Building Dept. The existing buildings of the farm were extended to become the
barracks.


                                  Langelandsfortet blev bygget på Holmegårds jord
                                                      The farm  Holmegaard
     Langelandsfortet,kontreadmiral E.M. Dahl
            Admiral E. M. Dahl

 
 
The Fort became active on the 15th. of september 1953, but the constructions were not complete untill august 1954.
 

 
              The situation of the Fort
 
The situation of the Fort on the southern
end of the island of Langeland.
Langelandsfortet, plavering af anlæg    
The Fort and the barracks
       to the left (west).

 

                                  

 
 
14 major buildings were built in concrete:
                          - 4 gun positions with firing control, ammunition storage and rooms for the crew below.
                          - 2 bunkers with diesel generators for emergency power supply.
                          - 1 command and firing control bunker.
                          - 6 batteries for the local defense with firing control, ammunition storage and rooms for the crew below.
                          - 1 firing control bunker in advanced position at the coast east of the Fort.

 The ammunition storages and transportation routes were made flame resistant, operations and command centers were
 secured against gas attack
, vital installations were made shock resistant and the machinery bunker was equipped with an
 alarm system
for radioactivity. All bunkers were equipped with steel doors and entrances were secured against attack.
 The fort was had sufficient protection against both shelling from the sea and air attacks with conventional weapons.
 The plants were secured against gas by overpressure in the building, made by the ventilation system and with special gas
 filters
.
 
 
 

                                                  Gas Filters.
                              
Gasfiltre
 
 


 The Operations Bunker
 

 To manage and coordinate the efforts, there was a center of Operations. It was situated below the surface at the northern
 end of the Fort.
Here all information from all observation posts, the MPG-radar and the gunfire  controls were received.
 This Operations center was connected to the national coastal defense and superior authorities.


 

        Langelandsfortet, vejen til fortområdet
   The Road to the Operations Bunker
 
Langelandsfortet, nedgang til operationsbunkeren
              The stairs to the Bunker
Langelandsfortet, Frederik IX monogram
The Kings Monogram ( HM Frederik IX)
         Langelandsfortet, indgangen til operationsbunkeren
          The entrance to the bunker
 
Langelandsfortet, operationsbunkerens nærforsvar
              Opening for machinegun
       Langelandsfortet, operationsbunkerens nærforsvar indefra
        Position of the machinegun for
           the  defence of the Bunker
 
         Langelandsfortet, gange i operationsbunkeren
                     The Corridors
 
       Langelandsfortet, ventilations- og gasfilterrum i operationsbunkeren
    The Ventilation and Gas filter room
 
       Langelandsfortet, køkken i operationsbunker
                       The Kitchen
 
         Langelandsfortet, vagthavendes opholdsrum i operationsbunkeren
             Room for the CO on Duty
      Langelandsfortet, vagthavendes opholdsrum i operationsbunkeren
           Room for the CO on Duty
Langelandsfortet, BoN-rummet i operationsbunkeren (bevogtning og nærforsvar)
   Control Room of the Local Defense
  Langelandsfortet, BoN-rummet i operationsbunkeren (bevogtning og nærforsvar)
     Control Room of the Local Defense
Langelandsfortet, kommunikationsrummet i operationsbunkeren
           Communications Room
       Langelandsfortet, kommunikationsrummet i operationsbunkeren
          The  Communications Room
 
         Langelandsfortet, operationsrummet
              The Operations room
Langelandsfortet, operationsrummet
                  The Operations room
  Langelandsfortet, plotterbordet i operationsrummet
The Plotting Table in the Operations room
   Originally placed at the Stevns Fort


 To the top

 
The Armament of the Fort.


 The fort was equipped with 4 pcs. of 150 mm. P.K.L. L/55 model M/1930 guns. The original designation was 15 cm S.K. C/28
 L/55
. The guns were mounted in gun-mountings Küst MPL C/36 for the coastal defense. Although construction year was
 1928,
it was a fully modern piece of artillery, clearly on par with other countries' artillery.
 The history of the guns is as follows:
 In the
end of the WW2, the Germans had built a battery on Fynshoved. The guns at the Langelands Fort vomes form this
 battery. The guns
were manufactured by the Skoda factory in Pilz in Czechoslovakia. Around the turn of 1944-45 to 8 guns
 type
15 cm SK C/28 in gun-mountings Küst MPL C/36 were sent to Denmark. All were without armored shields as steel 
 could not
be obtained for for this. The shields were not mounted until they were delivered to the Langeland Fort.

 In 1957, a 127 mm. PK L/45 M/1934 was mounted at the beach as a lighting battery for the main battery. It was in 1962-64
 replaced with two pcs. of 150 mm. guns of the same type as the main battery. These two guns came from another German
 WW2 battery
Hesbjerg at Gilleleje and had come to Denmark on same late stage of the war.
 In 1973, the main battery was abandoned, but crews were still trained to operate the guns.

 

  Langelandsfortet, 150 mm pjece nr. 1
            Gun no. 1. (At the North)
 


 The guns were mounted in four positions in a north-south line parallel to the coast. One gun in each with associated
 ammunitionstorage and
bunker for the crew. The guns had a firing range of 22 km which is far enough to cover the waters
 between Langeland and the island og Lolland.
 A gun with a excellent crew could make ​​6 shots per. minute. The grenades had a weight was 45 kg and the grenades had a
 great armor penetrading effect.

 

                                       View towards the South from
                                       Gun no. 1 to gun no. 2.
Langelandsfortet, udsigt fra pjece nr. 1 til pjece nr. 2
 
 

 From the ammunition store in the bunker below the gun, the ammunition could be brought up to the gun with a lift. 
 

  Langelandsfortet, nedgang til rum under pjece nr. 1
     The stairs to the Artillery
     Bunker below gun no. 1.
 
      Langelandsfortet, indgang til anlægget under kanon nr. 1
 The Entrance to the Artillery Bunker
 
Langelandsfortet, kanon nr 1 ventilation og gasfilter rum
   The ventilation and Gas Filter Room
  Langelandsfortet, granatmagasin under pjece nr. 1
          The grenade storage
 
Langelandsfortet, ladningsmagasin under pjece nr. 14
           Storage for the Charges.
 
Langelandsfortet, pjece nr. 1 ammunitionselevatoren
         The Ammunition lift.
 
      Langelandsfortet, håndtræk til reserveelevator til pjece nr. 1
 Reserve drive to the ammunition lift
  Langelandsfortet, periskop til observation
The Periscope for Observation

 In the bunker below the guns there was rooms for the crew of 15.

      Langelandsfortet, banjer (køjer) til kanonbesætning pjece nr. 1
          The Room for the Crew
 
 
The toilet in the Periscope Room
 
  Langelandsfortet, artillerihjelm


The artillery crew were equipped
with special
helmets, leaving room for earplugs or head
telephones. They also had anti-flash protection
equipment of the face and
the
hands while firing
the gun.
Langelandsfortet, antiflash-udstyr til kanonbesætning

 To control the artillery firing the fort had a MPG Radar which was placed near the operations bunker where the firing control
 was situated.

          Langelandsfortet, MPG-radar
                 The  MPG-radar
 
Langelandsfortet, skematisk tegning MPG-radar
                    The MPG-radar
  Langelandsfortet, artilleriberegner
               The Artillery Calculator
Langelandsfortet, artillericentralen
 The Artillery Central and Firing Control
Langelandsfortet, artillericentralen
The Artillery Central and Firing Control
 
  Langelandsfortet, artillericentralen
 The Artillery Central and Firing Control
Langelandsfortet, artillericentralen
 The Artillery Central and Firing Control
Langelandsfortet, el-tavler i artillericentralen
     The Power Control of the
            Artillery Central

 To the top 

 The Anti Aircraft Guns of the Fort. 

 To the defense against ait raids the fort had two stationary anti-aircraft batteries, 1 (north) and 2 (south), located in the
 north
ern and the southern end of the fort. Their primary role was to defend the fort against attack from the air. But the guns
 also could be used against targents on the surface.
 Each battery consisted of three platforms, each with two 40 mm cannons in one mounting. The guns, of the type 40 mm
 R.K.L./60-M/1936, was an American model of the Swedish Bofors cannon. They were donated to Denmark as part of the U.S.
 army assistance
in connection with the Marshall Plan.
 The same type of aircraft guns were mounted on most of the major coastal and naval forts.
 The guns had an effective range of 2,000 meters against air targets and 4,000 meters against targets on the surface.
 Each of the guns in the battery could deliver 240 shots per minute.
 In a bunker below each battery there were three rooms, a ammunition storage, a room for the crew and a firing control.

  Langelandsfortet, nordre 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri
              The Northern AA-Battery
 
Langelandsfortet, brisk i nordre 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri
       Platform for a 40 mm. AA-gun
 
Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. Bofors  luftværnskanon
             40 mm. Bofors AA-gun
 
         Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. Bofors  luftværnskanon
               40 mm. Bofors AA-gun
Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. Bofors  luftværnskanon. skyttens sæde
       The Seat for one of  the Crew
Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. Bofors  luftværnskanon. drivmotorer til retning af kanonen
  Details at the 40 mm. Bofors AA-gun

  Each battery had a crew of 7 and a couple of men for the firing control tower.

  Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri, indgangen
Entrance to the bunker for the AA-crew.
The door to the left is the ammunition
storage
Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri nødluge
         Emergency-exit to the stairs.
      Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri gangarealet
        The corridors in the Bunker
 
  Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri eltavler
       Power-boards for the AA-guns.
 
Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri ildlederudstyr
            Firing Control Equipment
 
Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri ammunitionsmagasin
             Ammunitionstorage
 
  Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. luftværnsbatteri, banje for besætningen
           Room for the AA-crew.

 

 The plain Toilet for the Crew.
 

 The fort also was equipped with aprox. 20 pcs. of mobile 40 mm. antiaircraft guns, allowing to place them where needed.
 These guns were of
the same type as the fixed anti-aircraft batteries.

      Langelandsfortet, 40 mm. mobil luftværnskanon
             40 mm. mobile AA-gun
 

 To the top

  The Power Supply bunkers.

 To ensure power supply to the fort, there was both in the northern and the southern part situated two power supply bunkers.
 they were equipped
with two diesel engines to power the emergency generators.
 The engines are two B & W 56 hp diesel engines, each pulling a Thrige Titan 380 V generator. The third engine is an American
 generator
unit, UD 24. This Diesel engine was  made by The International Harvester Company.
 Only the Southern bunker is visible, while the northern is in use as a radar station for maritime surveillance.

 
               The Gate to the bunker

 
Langelandsfortet, nedgangen til den søndre maskinbunker
             The Stairs to the Bunker
 

                         The Bunker
 
  Langelandsfortet, indgangen til den søndre maskinbunker
                        The Entrance
 
Langelandsfortet, dieselmotor i den søndre maskinbunker
                  B&W Diesel-engine
 
Langelandsfortet, dieselmotor i den søndre maskinbunker
                 B&W Diesel-engine
 
  Langelandsfortet, svinghjul og generator på dieselmotor i maskinbunker
                      Generator

                The Workshop
Langelandsfortet, maskinværksted i den søndre maskinbunker
                        The Workshop

 In connection with power supply bunker there was a machine gun position to defend this bunker. It was entered by the stairs
 to the right of the entrance to the bunker. It was armed with a 7.62 mm. machine gun M/62. This position was supplemented
 with foxholes in area.
 

  Langelandsfortet, opgang til sikringsstilling ved den søndre maskinbunker
The Stairs to the Machine Gun Position
  Langelandsfortet, sikringsstilling til maskingevær ved den søndre maskinbunke
          The Machine Gun Position.

 In case of a crisis or a war, the crew would be increased to far more than the 400, who had their daily service at the fort.
 For this matter there was an armory of small arms.

  Langelandsfortet, håndvåbenmagasinet
              The Small Arms Armory
 


 
The Fort was abandoned by the Navy on the 6th. of  April 1993 and reopened as The Cold War Museum on the  16th. of June
  1997

 To the top