Danish version         
 
 
The Author of this site

 Denmark during the Cold War

 The Stevns Fort

 HAWK, Hoejerup

 HAWK,  Stevns  Fort

 NIKE,  Sigerslev

 The Stevns Fort Museum

 To Stevns start


 Other history sites:

 The Langelands Fort

 The Bangsbo Fort

 The  Fortifications of
 Copenhagen

 The Danish-Prussian Wars

 Fortress-scandinavia

 






















































































































 























 

 


The Armed Forces at the Danish Peninsula Stevns during the Cold War
The HAWK Batteries at the Stevns Fort
The Danish Air Defence Group
Squadron 541

 

 Some Hawk history

  1952 Development of the HAWK missile system began. United States Army began studies into a medium range semi-active radar
            homing surface to air missile.
 1954  Northrop was awarded the development contracts for the launcher, radars and fire control systems, while Raytheon was awarded
            the contract for the missile.
 1956  The first test launch of the  missile then designated the XSAM-A-18 took place.
 1957  Development was completed, by which time the designation had changed to XM3 and XM3E1.
 1959  The missile was deployed by the U.S. Army.
 1960  Deployed by the US Marine Corps.

 Denmark, like other NATO countries, was offered four HAWK missile batteries from the U.S. in addition to the four NIKE missile batteries
 already received.
 These Hawk batteries were placed in connection with the NIKE system. They were stationed in a ring around Copenhagen to protect the
 capital
against air strikes from low altitude.

 
 In 1983 Squadron 541 was moved from the Middelgrunds Fort to the Stevns Fort, and gradually The Stevns Fort's role was changing from
 an artillery Fort to a SAM missile base.

 From 1989 to 2000 Squad. 541 was training Squadron for the entire Air Defence Group. 2800 was trained at Stevns in that perod.
 
 In 2000 the Squadron was moved from Stevns. 
 

  The Radar Components





 
       Hawk battery
    The Stevns Fort
   
 
            
                     IHPIR
 
     
           IROR
 
    
              ICWAR
 
             
                       IPAR
 

           IBCC
 
     
 IFF in IPCP/ICC interior
 
 6 launchers in two areas (Alpha and Bravo) where the missile were mounted i 3 on the launcher.  In the area there were the missiles, the
 launchers and a command center. Besides that there were loaders and transporters for the missiles
 
             
                                  IBCC
          Improved Battery Control Central

    IFF i IPCP/ICC interior

       IPAR og IHPIR Bravo

 View of the launcher area
 
 
 The Radars:
 
        
        

                       IPAR:
Improved Pulse Acquisition Radar.
         Normal pulse radar.
 
                       
                                    IROR
                
Improved Range only radar.
              Passive radar. No active signals.
 
       
      
  
                            ICWAR
Improved Continious Wave Acquisition Radar.
      Doppler radar against low targets.
 
           
                                 IHPIR
      Improved High Power Illuminator Radar
    Combined Doppler target and missile radar.
 
 
                                   
             
                                                  IBCC      
                                     Improved Battery Control Central BCC

             IFF in the IPCP/ICC interior

 The IBCC (Improved Battery Control Central). From here the HAWK could be operated as full or half unit, managed and controlled with
 tactical and data communications to other HAWK units under the authority of the ROC (Rocket Operations Center 1966-71) SOC / CRC
 (Sector Operations Centre / Control and Reporting Center
The crew consisted of:
- 1 TCO (Tactical Control Officer) who was responsible for the unit's air defense operations.
- 1 TCA (Tactical Control assistant) who assisted TCO in
his functions and in addition operated the IPAR and IFF and the target
     appearance and identification
and to receive target appearance alarms from the CWAR operator ASO (Azimuth Speed ​​Operator)
- 2 FCO (Fire Control Operators Alpha and Bravo) operating each IHPIR and their three
 
   launchers (LCHR) When conducting engagement of a target, it was assigned / designated by the TCO.

 The Missiles and the Launcher Area

 Hawk is an acronym for Homing All the Way Killer. The guidence system is called Beam Rider.
 
The missiles were fired from a launcher (launcher). There could be 3 missiles on each launcher and the missiles were fired individually
 with
a minimum of 5 seconds between each.
 When the TCO pressed the FIRE button, the selected launcher (LCHR) was activated and the missiles were turned in the direction of the
 target and
after this towards the calculated
intercept point. The engine of the chosen missile was ignited and the missile left the LCHR.
 If the target was Maneuvering, the target
updates were sent to the missile and new target data were calculated. 

                  

 The misiles was mounted on a launcher. Three on every launcher. To load the launchers there were a number of transporters and loaders.

                                    

 The Launch area was composed by Fire section Alpha and Fire Section Bravo.  (Please see the map on the top of the page)
 
Each section could be operated separately. The IPCP was used for the 3 launchers that used the ICWAR as search radar.

                                       

 Every launcher was separated by ramparts to prevent explosions or blasts to spread trom launcher to launcher if a missile goes off
 on the launcher