Atlantic Wall 1
Panzermuseum (Cold War)
Forts and fortresses
Skaane line (S)
Fortifications in Scandinavia
Scandinavian countries Denmark, Finland, Norway
are a treasury
Since the Vikings, it has been neccesary to fortify the borders an cities. Many of the old
been destroyed. But old Viking-cities like
later been excavated.
From the Middle Ages
there is little left. Fire has taken its
toll, and also some were
destroyed by war.
Specially in the sixteenth and seventeenth century,
Denmark was constantly at war with
each other, and The British Navy burned most of
The unique about Scandinavia are the preWW1 fortifications.
All Scandinavian countries were neutral, and many of the fortifications from late nine-
teenth century were not destroyed as it happened in the rest of Europe.
In the southern
part of Jutland, at the time part of Germany, the German Army
constructed the strong-
Sicherungsstellung Nord during
Copenhagen Line of Fortifications, build in 1886 to 1902, is well preserved.
14 kilometers of fortifications around Copenhagen, numerous forts and batteries and
almost all the naval forts and
Sweden has been neutral in both WW1 and WW2, but neutrality must be defended, and
therefore there are
a number of fortifications.
The Bohus Fortress from
Fortress form late 19. century
not very well
preserved pre WW2 Per Albin Line.
In Norway is the old
Akershus Castle near Oslo from 1290 and
Oscarsborg from 1644,
famous for sinking the heavy German Cruiser Blücher during the invasion of Norway
April the 9th. 1940. Beside these, Norway has a lot of contributions to the fortification
Many of the Finnish fortifications were build by Sweden Russia or England during the
Crimean War. Soumenlinna, a fortress from 1747,
Svartholma from 1749 and some costal
positions built by Peter the Great.
New site from Sweden:
Explore the unique and long-standing military history that surrounds one of Swedens most
important naval ports – the world heritage city, Karlskrona. Join a guided tour or discover
exciting and secret places on your own. There is something for everyone. Urban explorers
and historians as well as families with children and grandparents!
On the interactive map (Karta) you will find locations, facts and pictures of a wide variety
of abandoned pillboxes, bunkers, forts, memorials etc. All situated either in the city on the
islands or in the rest of the stunning archipelago. You will also find real time timetables
and handy information on how to travel about with public transport.
Karlskrona is located in the south-east of Sweden with approx. 90 mins flight and transfer
from Stockholm and 3 hours by train from Copenhagen. Link to
Sites of this author.
the links in the
descriptions below or navigate
in the menu to the left to go to the specific sites.
of Copenhagen 1880-1920
to: Vestvolden.info here
Danish forts during and the Cold War
The Stevns Fort from 1953
The NIKE and HAWK areas south
The Cold War Museum at the Stevns Fort
The Danish Langelands Fort 1954
Danish Bangsbo Fort 1940
The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
The Prelude to the Wars
Go to the Danish-Prussian was sites
Sicherungsstellung Nord. Defence Line North
During WW1, Germany during 1916 to 1918 builded a heavy defence line
across the Southern Jutland,
known as Sicherrungstellung Nord.
Sicherungstellung Nord sites