The Author

 Denmark

 Atlantic Wall 1
 
Bangsbofortet
 
Bangsbo Fort
 Citadel (CPH)
 
Copenhagen 1880-1920
 
Dannevirke
 
Danish-Prussian Wars
 
Hanstholm WW2
 
Langelands Fort
 
Langelands Fort
 
Masnedö Fort
 
Panzermuseum (Cold War)
 
Sicherungsstellung Nord WW1
 
Stevns, Cold War
 Stevns Fort

 
 Finland:

 Helsinki Fortifications
 
Harparskog
 
Kajaani
 
Kyminlinna
 Salpalinja
 
Suomenlinna
 Strongholds

 Iceland:

 Borgarvirki

 Norway:

 Austrått fort
 Forts and fortresses
 Vara Battery

 Sweden:

 Boden Fortress
 Beredskapsmuseum
 Carlsten Fortress
 Femore
 Hemsö fortification
 Karlskrona
 Skaane line (S)
 Varberg Fortress



 

 


Fortifications in Scandinavia

 The Scandinavian countries Denmark, Finland, Norway  and Sweden are a treasury  of 
 fortifications.
 Since the Vikings, it has been neccesary to fortify the borders an cities. Many of the old
 fortifications ha
ve
been destroyed. But old Viking-cities like Trelleborg  and  Fyrkat in
 Denmark ha
ve later been excavated.

 From the Middle Age
s there is little left. Fire has taken its
toll, and also some were
 destroyed by war.  Specially in the sixteenth and seventeenth century,  
Sweden and
 Denmark was constantly at war with  each other, and The British Navy burned most of
 
Copenhagen in 180
7.
 
 The unique about Scandinavia are the preWW1 fortifications.
 All Scandinavian countries were neutral, and many of the fortifications from late nine-
 teenth century were not destroyed as it happened in the rest of Europe.
In the southern
 part of Jutland, at the time part of  Germany,  the German Army  constructed the strong-
 hold
Sicherungsstellung Nord during WW1.


 The
Copenhagen Line of Fortifications, build in 1886 to 1902,  is well preserved.
 14 kilometers of fortifications around Copenhagen, numerous forts and batteries and
 almost all the naval forts and
coastal batteries are remaining.

 Sweden has been neutral in both WW1 and WW2, but neutrality must be defended, and
 therefore there are  a number of fortifications.
The Bohus Fortress from  1308,
The Boden 
 
Fortress
form late 19. century
 and the not very well  preserved pre WW2 Per Albin Line.

 In Norway is the old
Akershus Castle near Oslo from 1290 and  Oscarsborg from 1644,
 famous for sinking the heavy German Cruiser Blücher during the invasion of Norway
 April the 9th. 1940. Beside these, Norway has a  lot of contributions to the fortification
 history.

 Many of the Finnish fortifications were build by Sweden Russia or England during the
 Crimean War. Soumenlinna, a fortress from 1747,
Svartholma  from 1749 and some costal
 positions built by Peter the Great.
                         
 
New site from Sweden:

 Karlskrona
 
Explore the unique and long-standing military history that surrounds one of Swedens most
 important naval ports – the world heritage city, Karlskrona. Join a guided tour or discover
 exciting and secret places on your own. There is something for everyone. Urban explorers
 and historians as well as families with children and grandparents!
 On the interactive map (Karta) you will find locations, facts and pictures of a wide variety
 of abandoned pillboxes, bunkers, forts, memorials etc. All situated either in the city on the
 islands or in the rest of the stunning archipelago. You will also find real time timetables
 and handy information on how to travel about with public transport.
 Karlskrona is located in the south-east of Sweden with approx. 90 mins flight and transfer
 from Stockholm and 3 hours by  train from Copenhagen. Link to Karlskrona



 

 Sites of this author.  
 
Use the links in the descriptions below or navigate
 in the menu to the left to go to the specific sites.

 

The Fortifications of Copenhagen 1880-1920
(in English)

 Go to: Vestvolden.info here

 

Danish forts during and the Cold War
The Stevns Fort from 1953
The NIKE and HAWK areas south of Copenhagen
The Cold War Museum at the Stevns Fort
 
The Danish Stevns Fort 1953


The Danish Langelands Fort 1954

The Danish Bangsbo Fort 1940

 

The Danish-Prussian Wars 1848-50 and 1864
The Prelude to the Wars
The Battles
The Consequences


Go to the Danish-Prussian was sites

 

 WW1 Sicherungsstellung Nord. Defence Line North    
During WW1, Germany during 1916 to 1918 builded a heavy defence line across the Southern Jutland, DK,
known as Sicherrungstellung Nord.
 

Sicherungstellung Nord sites
 

 

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